Pierre Marie disease

A rare chronic condition, usually caused by an adenoma. It is characterized by hyperfunction of the anterior pituitary gland associated with hypersecretion of growth hormone, resulting in enlargement of bones and soft tissue of hands, feet, and face. Number of View: 1811
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Impingement syndrome

Shoulder impingement syndrome, also called painful arc syndrome, supraspinatus syndrome, swimmer’s shoulder, and thrower’s shoulder, is a clinical syndrome which occurs when the tendons of the rotator cuff muscles become irritated and inflamed as they pass through the subacromial space, the passage beneath the acromion. This can result in pain, weakness and loss of movement […]
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Lateral medullary syndrome

Lateral medullary syndrome (also called Wallenberg syndrome and posterior inferior cerebellar artery syndrome) is a disease in which the patient has a constellation of neurologic symptoms due to injury to the lateral part of the medulla in the brain, resulting in tissue ischemia and necrosis. Number of View: 3741
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Klippel–Trénaunay–Weber syndrome

Klippel-Trénaunay-Weber syndrome, often simply Klippel-Trénaunay syndrome (KTS) and sometimes angioosteohypertrophy syndrome and hemangiectatic hypertrophy, is a rare congenital medical condition in which blood vessels and/or lymph vessels fail to form properly. The three main features are nevus flammeus (port-wine stain), venous and lymphatic malformations, and soft-tissue hypertrophy of the affected limb. Number of View: 4144
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Leriche’s syndrome

In medicine, aortoiliac occlusive disease, also known as Leriche’s syndrome and Leriche syndrome, is atherosclerotic occlusive disease involving the abdominal aorta and/or both of the iliac arteries. Number of View: 3333
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Tolosa-Hunt syndrome

Tolosa-Hunt syndrome (THS) is a rare disorder characterized by severe and unilateral headaches with extraocular palsies, usually involving the third, fourth, fifth, and sixth cranial nerves, and pain around the sides and back of the eye, along with weakness and paralysis (ophthalmoplegia) of certain eye muscles. Number of View: 3284
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Gardner’s syndrome

Gardner’s syndrome is a genetic disorder characterized by the presence of multiple polyps in the colon together with tumors outside the colon. The extracolonic tumors may include osteomas of the skull, thyroid cancer, epidermoid cysts, fibromas and sebaceous cysts. The countless polyps in the colon predispose to the development of colon cancer. Number of View: […]
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Peutz-Jegers syndrome (PJS)

Peutz-Jegers syndrome (PJS) is a rare hereditary disease characterized bymelanocytic macules of the lips, gastrointestinal hamartomatous polyps andan increased risk for many classes of cancer. The serine/threonine kinase LKB1(also designated STK11) has been identified as the gene mutated in PJS. LKB1activity increases upon the binding of a regulatory complex consisting of theSte20-related adaptor α (STRAD […]
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Dandy-Walker syndrome

Dandy-Walker syndrome (DWS), or Dandy-Walker complex, is a congenital brain malformation involving the cerebellum and the fluid filled spaces around it. A key feature of this syndrome is the partial or even complete absence of the part of the brain located between the two cerebellar hemispheres (cerebellar vermis). The Dandy-Walker complex is a genetically sporadic […]
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Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is one of the most common female endocrine disorders affecting approximately 5%-10% of women of reproductive age (12–45 years old) and is thought to be one of the leading causes of female infertility. Number of View: 2363
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