The Bosniak classification of renal cysts

The Bosniak renal cyst classification system was initially reported in 1986, using CT scan findings. Although other imaging modalities are frequently used in the evaluation of renal masses, such as ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), CT scan (with and without contrast enhancement), remains the primary diagnostic technique. Ultrasonography is helpful for simple cyst identification, […]
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The ARCO Classification Of Osteonecrosis

By the ARCO-Committee on Terminology and Staging Terminology: Bone in an organ that consists of mineralized and non-mineralized tissue. Bone necrosis is a disease which causes death of bone and is called “OSTEONECROSIS” Number of View: 6743
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Cholangiocarcinoma

Cholangiocarcinoma is a cancer of the bile ducts which drain bile from the liver into the small intestine. Other biliary tract cancers include pancreatic cancer, gall bladder cancer, and cancer of the ampulla of Vater. Cholangiocarcinoma is a relatively rare adenocarcinoma (glandular cancer), with an annual incidence of 1–2 cases per 100,000 in the Western […]
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Salter-Harris classification of epiphyseal disk (growth plate) fractures

Disruption of future bone growth is common with types III, IV, and V but uncommon with types I and II. Growth plate fractures are suspected in children with tenderness localized over the growth plate. Number of View: 6064
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